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India Us Agreements

The signing of these agreements is, under U.S. law, mandatory for the United States to enter into military alliances in the export of sensitive equipment. The United States has four “basic” agreements that it signs with its defence partners. The Pentagon describes the agreements as “routine instruments used by the United States to promote military cooperation with partner countries.” U.S. officials said the agreements are not preconditions for bilateral defence cooperation, but that it would be easier and cheaper to carry out activities such as refueling aircraft or ships in other countries and providing disaster relief. [223] The first of the four agreements, the General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA), was signed in 2002 by India and the United States. The agreement allows the exchange of military information between the two countries and obliges each country to protect the secret information of others. The second agreement, the Logistics Exchange Agreement (LEMOA), was signed by the two countries on 29 August 2016. LEMOA allows the military of both countries to use the bases of other countries for post-delivery deliveries or repairs. The agreement does not require the provision of logistical support to either country and requires individual authorisation for each application.

[224] The third agreement, the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), was signed as part of the first 2-2 dialogue in September 2018. [225] This is a specific variant of the Memorandum of Understanding (CISMOA) on communications and information security, which allows the two countries to exchange communications and exchange of information on equipment authorized during bilateral and multinational exercises and training operations. The fourth agreement, the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) signed in 2020, allows the exchange of unclassified and controlled geospatial products, topographic, nautical and aeronautical data, products and services between India and the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA). [226] After the BJP government led by Narendra Modi came to power, the first of three agreements, the Memorandum of Understanding on Logistics Exchange (LEMOA) was signed in 2016.